Gazans brace for Rafah assault after 44 more killed


A Palestinian from the Ghannam family inspects the family home in Rafah after an Israeli air strike.
A Palestinian from the Ghannam family inspects the family home in Rafah after an Israeli air strike.

Israeli air strikes have killed 44 people in Gaza’s Rafah overnight, medics have said, as more than a million Palestinians crammed into the border city await a full-blown offensive with the rest of their enclave in ruins and nowhere left to run.

Also on Saturday, relatives found the body of a six-year-old Palestinian girl who had begged rescuers to send help after being trapped in Gaza City by Israeli military fire, along with the bodies of five of her family members and two ambulance workers who had gone to save her.

The Palestine Red Crescent Society (PRCS) accused Israel of deliberately targeting the ambulance it sent to rescue Hind Rajab after she had spent hours on the phone to dispatchers begging for help.

Israel’s military did not immediately respond to a Reuters request for comment.

Four months into the war in Gaza, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s office said it has ordered the military to develop a plan to evacuate the population of Rafah and destroy four Hamas battalions it says are deployed there. 

The announcement set off panic and warnings from diplomats. More than half of Gaza’s 2.3 million people are packed into Rafah, which had a prewar population of roughly 280,000, many after following Israeli evacuation orders that now cover two-thirds of the territory. It’s not clear where they could run next.

No other relatively unscathed area remains in tiny Gaza and aid agencies have warned that large numbers of civilians could die. 

“Any Israeli incursion in Rafah means massacres, means destruction. People are filling every inch of the city and we have nowhere to go,” said Rezik Salah, 35, who fled his Gaza City home with his wife and two children for Rafah early in the war.

Israel says that Rafah, which borders Egypt, is the last remaining stronghold for the Hamas militant group in Gaza after more than four months of war sparked by several thousand Hamas militants bursting into southern Israel on October 7, killing 1300 people and taking 250 others hostage. Not all are still alive.

The death toll following Israel’s response has, said the Gaza Health Ministry on Saturday, reached 28,064, mostly women and children. The ministry said more than 67,000 people have been wounded.

Egyptian Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry said any Israeli ground offensive on Rafah would have “disastrous consequences,” and asserted that Israel aims to eventually force the Palestinians out of their land.

Another mediator, Qatar, warned of disaster if Israel carries out a Rafah offensive, and Saudi Arabia warned of “very serious repercussions.” 

Egypt's Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry
Egypt’s Sameh Shoukry says a Israeli ground offensive on Rafah would have “disastrous consequences”. (EPA PHOTO)

The conflict has threatened to spread across the Middle East, with Israel and Lebanon’s Hezbollah regularly trading fire, and flare-ups in Syria, Iraq and Yemen.

On Saturday, an Israeli strike in Lebanon targeted a Palestinian figure close to Hamas, security sources said. The target survived but three others were killed. Also in Lebanon the Iran-backed armed faction Hezbollah said it had seized an Israeli Skylark drone “in good condition”.

In another development Israeli military took reporters on a tour of tunnels claimed to pass partly under the Gaza City offices of UNRWA, the United Nations relief agency accused by Israel that some of its staff doubled as Hamas operatives.

UNRWA, which has launched an internal probe and seen a string of donor countries freeze funding over the allegations, said it had vacated the headquarters on October 12 and was therefore “unable to confirm or otherwise comment” on the Israeli finding.

UNRWA head Philippe Lazzarini said his organisation “did not know” about the tunnel under the headquarters.

UNRWA staff left the offices Gaza City on October 12 “following the Israeli evacuation orders and as bombardment intensified in the area,” he wrote on X, formerly Twitter.

The Palestinians have accused Israel of falsifying information to tarnish UNRWA, which employs 13,000 people in the Gaza Strip and has been a lifeline for the aid-dependent population for years.

Much of Gaza has been reduced to rubble, with Israeli forces destroying swathes of towns with air strikes, artillery fire and controlled detonations, leaving more than 85 per cent of Gaza’s inhabitants homeless.

An Israeli official who declined to be named said Israel would try to organise for people in Rafah to be moved back north ahead of any assault.

Egypt has said it will not allow any mass displacement of Palestinians into its territory. Palestinians fear Israel means to drive them from their homeland then forbid their return.

with AP