South Africa governing alliance emerges as MPs convene

Wendell Roelf and Alexander Winning |

MPs Cyril Ramaphosa and Pemmy Majodina have been sworn in as South Africa’s parliament convenes.
MPs Cyril Ramaphosa and Pemmy Majodina have been sworn in as South Africa’s parliament convenes.

The African National Congress has agreed to form a government of national unity for South Africa with three other parties including its largest rival, the pro-business Democratic Alliance, public broadcaster SABC says.

The ANC, which has been in power since the 1994 elections that marked the end of apartheid, lost its majority for the first time in a May 29 vote and two weeks of intensive behind-the-scenes talks with other parties came down to the wire.

The broadcaster’s report came as the newly elected parliament was convening for the first time and MPs were in the process of being sworn in. 

The chamber will later elect its speaker, deputy speaker and the country’s president.

SABC said the unity government would include the ANC, the DA, the socially conservative Inkatha Freedom Party and the right-wing Patriotic Alliance. 

The DA would get the post of deputy speaker of the National Assembly, it said.

President Cyril Ramaphosa, the ANC leader, is expected to win a new term in office under the terms of the agreement, according to a report on the TimesLive news website. 

It was not immediately clear what policy concessions the ANC made to its new partners to achieve a deal.

Chief Justice Raymond Zondo formally opened the new session of parliament on Friday and the process of swearing in MPs began. 

The session was taking place in a Cape Town convention centre as the parliament complex was damaged by fire in 2022.

Economic Freedom Fighters MP Julius Malema
Economic Freedom Fighters MP Julius Malema (centre) was all smiles after being sworn in. (AP PHOTO)

As of Thursday night, the ANC had said other parties including the DA had agreed to take part but a precise deal had yet to be nailed down.

Helen Zille, one of the senior DA officials on the party’s negotiating team, said on Friday morning details were still being ironed out and DA MPs would support Ramaphosa for president “if the deal is signed”.

“We are going to have to work until the very last minute to get an agreement in place,” she told public broadcaster SABC.

The ANC won 159 out of 400 seats in the National Assembly while the DA got 87. 

The populist uMkhonto we Sizwe (MK) party led by former president Jacob Zuma has 58, the hard-left Economic Freedom Fighters 39 and the Inkatha Freedom Party 17.

The ANC’s central dilemma since the election has been whether to work with the DA, which investors like because of its free-market policies but is unpopular with ANC voters who see it as a defender of the privileged white minority’s interests.

The inclusion of the IFP, with its ethnic Zulu base, could help sweeten the DA pill for ANC voters. 

The Patriotic Alliance draws its support from the coloured community. 

Reuters